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Mil-Spec Military Specifications for Corrosion Inhibitors

MIL-C-16173 and compounds available from Kpr Adcor Inc. 

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Military Specifications for CORROSION PREVENTIVES MIL-C-16173
 

CORROSION PREVENTIVES FOR FOUR TYPES OF CORROSION

 

WHAT IS CORROSION?

Corrosion is the wearing away or alteration of a metal or alloy either by direct chemical attack or by electrochemical reaction. There are several basic types, described below, which may occur singly or in combination.
 

TYPES OF CORROSION

1) ATMOSPHERIC

This refers to the effect of corrosive agents present in the atmosphere, such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and sulfur and chorine compounds. The severity of this type of attack is directly related to the amount of water vapor and sulfur and chlorine compounds present.
 

2) GALVANIC
 

GALVANIC SERIES CHART
 

ANODE (LEAST NOBLE) Inconel (active)
Magnesium Brasses
Magnesium alloys Copper
Zinc
Aluminum 1100 Copper-nickel alloys
Cadmium Monel
Aluminum 2024-T4 Silver solder
Steel or Iron Nickel (passive)
Cast Iron Inconel (passive)
Chromium-iron (active) Chromium-iron (passive)
Ni-ResistType 304 Stainless (passive)
Type 304 Stainless (active)Type 316 Stainless (passive)
Type 316 Stainless (active) Silver
Lead-tin solders Graphite
LeadGold
TinPlatinum
Nickel (active) CATHODE (MOST NOBLE)


This type of corrosion is caused by the coupling of unlike metals in an electrolyte such as salt water, which results in an electrical transfer of particles from one metal to another. A reference to the Galvanic Series will show the relative positions of various metals and alloys. In general, depending upon the electrolyte, the further apart on the list, the greater the degree of attack with the less noble. Many so called specialized types of corrosion, such as contact corrosion, crevice corrosion, deposit attack, and impingement attack are forms of galvanic corrosion caused by localized galvanic cells of different potentials.

This chart shows a representative sample of metals and alloys arranged according to their relative potentials in a specified environment. Any metal will have a tendency to corrode when it is in contact with another metal in a lower position in the series in the presence of an electrolyte.

3) CONCENTRATION CELL CORROSION
 

This is sometimes called "deposit attack" or "crevice corrosion." It refers to the tendency of corrosion to build up more rapidly in the cracks and crevices of an assembly, such as in the internal construction of a vehicle or structural joints.

4) CORROSION FATIGUE
 

This is similar to stress corrosion except that the stresses are cyclic. Repeated loading and unloading usually causes accelerated rates of corrosion over those found in static stress corrosion, such as is encountered in the truck trailer leaf spring corrosion.

Mil C-16173D has been superseded by Mil PRF-16173E

Mil PRF-16173E exceeds all requirements of Mil C-16173

Also available: 

| Corrosion Control Home | NATO NSN Products | VCI Paper | VCI Poly Packaging | Corrosion Control Selection Assistance | Mil-Spec Corrosion Inhibitors |


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